Multiple Sclerosis is an auto-immune disorder. It occurs when the immune system attacks the myelin sheath that protects nerve cells. This exposes the nerve cells to inflammation which damages the nerves, causing a wide range of symptoms depending on what areas of the nervous system are affected.
Signs and symptoms
- Numbness or tingling, especially in the extremities
- Tremors and muscle spasms
- Slurred speech
- Loss of balance
- Impaired vision or hearing
- Cognitive issues such as memory loss, poor judgment, or lack of attention.
Multiple Sclerosis can be a constant source of suffering for the person afflicted or it can come in waves or attacks brought on by stress, other illness, or too much exposure to the sun. the disease is usually diagnosed between the ages of 20-40 but can appear at any stage of life.
There is currently no cure for Multiple Sclerosis, but treatments have become much better in recent years as the disease has become better understood. There is no typical course of treatment, but treatments can involve the use of medicines to regulate the immune system, palliative treatment for symptoms, physical therapy, and even special diets.
Someone experiencing symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis should see a physician as early as possible to get a correct diagnosis. As with most other diseases, early diagnosis leads to more effective treatment.